In this article, I will explain about what the key difference between git and GitHub. So let’s first understand both git and GitHub.
What is git and how it works
Git is a version control system that is used to track changes to files and manage projects with multiple developers. Here is an example of how Git can be used –
- A developer creates a new project on their local machine and initializes a Git repository using the “git init” command.
- The developer adds some files/folders to the project and stages them for commit using the git add command.
- The developer makes a commit, which saves a snapshot of the project’s files at a specific point in time, using the “git commit“ command.
- The developer makes some more changes to the project’s files and commits them again.
- The developer pushes the changes to a remote Git repository, such as a repository hosted on GitHub, using the “git push” command.
So basically, it is a command-line tool that can be used to track changes to files and collaborate on projects among developers.
What is GitHub and how it works
GitHub is a web-based platform that provides Git hosting and collaboration features. Here is an example of how GitHub can be used –
- A developer creates a new repo on GitHub and pushes their project’s files/folders from their local machine to the repo using Git commands.
- Other team members can then clone the repository to their own local machines and work on the project.
- As each developer makes changes and commits them locally, they can push their changes to the remote repository on GitHub.
- GitHub provides features such as code review, bug tracking, code check-ins, and project management to facilitate collaboration between developers.
- The repository on GitHub serves as a central point of collaboration, allowing all team members to work on the project and track its progress.
GitHub provides hosting for software development version control using Git. It is a service that allows developers to store their code repositories online, as well as track and manage, review changes to their codebase.
If I summarize both below are the five key differences between git and GitHub-
Difference between Git and GitHub
- Git is a version control system, while GitHub is a web-based Git repository hosting service.
- Git is a command-line tool, while GitHub provides a web-based graphical interface.
- Git is used for local version control, while GitHub is used for remote version control.
- Git is used for tracking changes to files, while GitHub is used for collaboration and sharing code between developers.
- Git is a free and open-source software distributed, while GitHub is a cloud-based service that requires a subscription fee for private repositories.
In summary, Git is a version control system, and GitHub is a web-based platform that provides Git hosting and additional collaboration features. I hope now you understand what is git and GitHub and what are the difference between git and GitHub.